PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT AND DEVICES
1081: General Provisions:
1081.01: Every employer as defined in 1002:
(1)Shall at his own expense furnish his workers with protective equipment for the eyes, face, hands and feet, protective shields and barriers whenever necessary by reason of the hazardous nature of the process or environment, chemical or radiological or other mechanical irritants or hazards capable of causing injury or impairment in the function of any part of the body through absorption, inhalation or physical contact.
(2) Deduction for the loss or damage of personal protective equipment shall be governed by Article
114, Book III, Labor Code of the Philippines, and Section 14, Rule VIII, Book III, Omnibus Rules Implementing the Labor Code.
1081.02: All personal protective equipment shall be of the approved design and construction appropriate for the exposure and the work to be performed.
1081.03: The employer shall be responsible for the adequacy and proper maintenance of personal protective equipment used in his workplace.
1081.04: No person shall be subjected or exposed to a hazardous environmental condition without protection.
1082: Eye and Face Protection:
1082.01:Eyes and face protective equipment shall be required where there is reasonable probability of exposure to such hazards. In such cases, the employer shall furnish a type of protective equipment suitable for the work to be performed and the employees shall use such equipment. Eye protection shall be provided where the processes or operations present hazards of flying objects, liquids, injurious radiation, glare or a combination of these hazards.
1082.02: Eye and face protective equipment shall conform with the following minimum requirements:
(1) provide adequate protection against the particular hazard for which they are designed or intended;
(2) be reasonably comfortable to use;
(3) fit snugly and shall not unduly interfere with the movements of the user;
(4) be durable, easily cleaned and capable of being disinfected;
(5) be kept clean and in good condition, and
(6) be of the approved type.
1082.03: Whenever eye protection is needed, persons whose visions require the use of corrective lenses shall wear goggles or spectacles of any of the following types:
(1) spectacles which provide optical correction;
(2) goggles that can be worn over corrective spectacles without disturbing the adjustment of the spectacles; or
(3) goggles that incorporate corrective lenses mounted behind the protective lenses.
1082.04: Limitations and precautions indicated by the manufacturer shall be transmitted to the user and care shall be taken to ensure that such limitations and precautions are strictly followed and observed.
1082.05: For purposes of design, construction, testing, use of eye and face protection, the American National Standards for Occupational Eye and Face Protection Equipment (ANSI z87.1-1968) is adopted.
1083: Respiratory Protection:
1083.01: The primary corrective measure in the control of occupational diseases caused by harmful dusts, fogs, fumes, mists, gases, smokes, sprays or vapors shall be to prevent atmospheric contamination. This shall be accomplished through the use or application of accepted engineering control measures, like enclosure or confinement of the operation, general and local ventilation and substitution of less toxic materials or a combination of these. When effective engineering control measures are not feasible or while they are in process of being instituted, appropriate respirators shall be used.
1083.02: Appropriate respirators shall be furnished by the employer when such equipment are necessary to protect the health of the employees.
1083.03: The employee shall use the respiratory protection in accordance with instruments.
1083.04: Respiratory Protective Program:
In order to effectively implement the provisions of Rule 1083, the employer shall institute a respiratory protective program which shall include the following:
(1) Proper selection of respirators on the basis of the hazards to which the workers exposed;
(2) Sufficient instruction and training in the proper use and the limitations of respirators;
(3) When practicable, the assignment of respirators to individual workers for their exclusive use;
(4) Regular cleaning and disinfecting of the respirators. Respirators issued for the exclusive use of one worker shall be cleaned after each day’s use or as often as necessary. Those used by two or more workers shall be thoroughly cleaned and disinfected after each use;
(5) Appropriate examination and testing of the conditions of the work area in order to assure that the allowable degree of employee exposure is maintained, and to determine the effectiveness of the control measures.
1083.05: Selecting of Respirators:
(1) For purposes of proper selection, design, construction, testing and use of respirators, the American National Standards Practices for Respiratory Protection (ANSI z88.-21059) is adopted.
1083.06: Use of Respirators:
(1) Standard procedures shall be developed for the use of respirators. These should include all information and guidance necessary for their proper selection, use and care. Possible emergency uses of respirators should be anticipated and planned for.
(2) Written procedures shall be prepared covering safe use of respirators in dangerous atmospheres that might be encountered in normal operations or in emergencies. All personnel shall be familiar with these procedures and the available respirators to use.
a. Workers in enclosed toxic or oxygen-deficient atmosphere shall be assisted in case of accident by at least one additional worker stationed in an area unaffected by the incident and provided with proper rescue equipment to assist the other(s) in case of emergency. Communication (visual, voice or signal line) shall be maintained among the individuals present;
b. When self-contained breathing apparatus or hose masks with blowers are used in atmospheres dangerous to life or health, standby men must be present with suitable rescue equipment;
c. Persons using air line respirators in atmospheres hazardous to life or health, shall be equipped with safety harnesses and safety lines for lifting or removing persons from hazardous atmospheres or other equivalent provisions for the rescue of persons. A standby man or men with suitable self-contained breathing apparatus shall be at the nearest fresh air base for emergency rescue.
(3) For the safe use of any respirator, the user shall be properly instructed in its selection, use and maintenance.
1083.07: Maintenance and Care of Respirators:
A program for the maintenance and care of respirators shall be adopted to the type of plant, working conditions, and hazards involved and shall include the following basic services:
(1) inspection for defects (including leak check),
(2) cleaning and disinfecting, and
(3) repair and storage.
1084: Head Protection:
1084.01: Head Protection:
(1) Hard hats for the protection of workers from impact penetration from falling and flying objects, blows, and from limited electric shock and burns shall be provided where there is reasonable probability of exposure to such hazards.
(2) Hard hats shall be made of non-combustible or slow-burning materials and when used in electrical environment shall be non-conductor of electricity.
(3) The total weight of complete hard hat should not be more than 0.45 kgs. (16 ounces).
(4) Hard hats shall have a brim all around to provide protection for the head, face and back of the neck.
(5) Hard hats without brims and low crowns may be allowed only in confined spaces.
(6) The cradle and sweatband of hard hats shall be detachable and replaceable.
(7) For work in excessive moisture, hard hats shall be water-proof-material.
(8) For the purpose of proper selection, design, construction, testing and use of head protectors the American National Standards Safety Requirement for Industrial Head Protection (ANSI z59-1-1969) is adopted.
1084.02: Hair Protection:
(1) All persons with long hair employed around machinery shall completely cover their hair with well fitting caps or other equivalent protection.
(2) Caps shall be of materials not easily flammable and sufficiently durable to withstand regular laundering, disinfecting and cleaning.
1085: Hand and Arm Protection:
1085.01: When selecting gloves, consideration should be given to the hazards to which the wearer may be exposed to and the ease and free movement of the fingers.
1085.02: Gloves shall not be worn by workers operating drills, punch presses or other machinery in which the hand may be caught by moving parts.
1085.03: Gloves, mittens, and leathers or pads for workers handling sharp edged or abrasive objects shall be made of tough materials and where necessary provided with special reinforcement.
1085.04: Gloves, mittens and sleeves for workers handling hot metals shall be made of suitable heat resisting material.
1085.05: Gloves and sleeves for electrical workers shall be made of rubber or other suitable materials conforming with the test requirements on dielectric strength.
1085.06: Gauntlets for workers handling corrosive substances, such as acids and caustics, shall be made of natural rubber, synthetic rubber or pliable plastic material resistant to corrosion.
1085.07: Gauntlets for protecting workers against the action of toxic, irritating or infectious substances shall:
(1) cover the forearm as much as possible,
(2) have a close fit at the upper end and
(3) not have the slightest break.
Gloves torn during use shall be replaced immediately.
1086: Safety Belts, Life Lines and Safety Nets:
1086.01: General Provisions:
(1) Workmen working in unguarded surface above open pits or tanks, steep slopes, moving machinery and similar locations, or working from unguarded surfaces six (6) meters (20 ft.) or more above water or ground, temporary or permanent floor platform, scaffold construction or where otherwise exposed to the possibility of falls hazardous to life or limb, shall be secured by safety belts and life lines. In situations where safety belts and life lines in guarded platforms and scaffolds or temporary floors are not feasible, safety nets shall be provided and installed.
(2) Window washers or cleaners working outside buildings six (6) meters (20 ft.) or more above the ground or other surfaces unless protected from falling by other means, shall use safety belts attached to suitable anchors.
(3) Workmen entering a sewer, flue, duct, or other similarly confined places shall be provided and required to wear safety belts with life lines attached and held by another person stationed at the opening ready to respond to agreed signals.
(4) Workers who are required to climb and work on top of poles six (6) meters or more shall use safety belts. On top of structures where there is no place to strap a safety belt, a messenger line shall be installed for strapping the safety belt or life line.
(1) Safety belts shall be made of chromed tanned leather, linen or cotton webbing, or other suitable materials at least 11.5 cm. (4 1/2 in.) wide and 0.65 cm. (1/4 in.) thick and of sufficient strength to support a weight of 114 kgs. (250 lbs.) without breaking.
(2) Hardware used for safety belts should have a strength of approximately equal to the full strength of the waist band. Buckles shall hold securely without slippage or other failure. This holding power should be achieved by only a single insertion of the strap through the buckle in the normal or usual way.
(3) Belt anchors shall be made of metal machined from bar stock, forged or heat treated, capable of supporting a pull of 2730 kgs. (6,000 lbs.) without fracture applied in the direction which the anchor must withstand should a man fall. All anchors and fastenings shall be provided with means to prevent turning, backing off or becoming loose. Anchor fittings with single thread section which is merely screwed into reinforcing plates shall not be used. Metals recommended for belt anchors are nickel copper alloy and stainless steel.
(4) Life lines shall be made of good quality manila rope of at least 1.9 cm. (3/4 in.) diameter or equivalent material such as nylon rope of at least 1.27 cm. (1/2 in.) diameter and shall be of sufficient strength to support a weight of 1140 kgs. (2,500 lbs.) without breaking.
(5) Safety nets shall not be less than 0.94 cm. (3/8 in.) diameter mesh ropes and not less than 1.90 cm. (3/4 in.) diameter border ropes (perimeter) made of manila rope or other materials that can absorb the impact of a falling body equally as nets fabricated from manila rope of the dimensions specified. The mesh shall be arranged not to exceed 15.25 cm. (6 in.) on canters positively and securely attached to avoid wear at each crossing point and at points of contact with the border.
(6) Safety nets shall be equipped with adequately padded thimbler sockets or equivalent means of attachments. Supports and anchorages shall be of sufficient size and strength to catch any falling worker. The nets shall be attached to sufficient supports outside and beyond the area of possible fall and supported at sufficient heights to prevent sagging to any solid object beneath when cushioning the fall of a worker.
(7) Safety belts, life lines and safety nets shall be inspected before use and at least once each week thereafter. Defective belts, lines or nets shall be immediately discarded and replaced or repaired before reuse.
1087: Use of Safety Shoes:
Workers shall be provided with approved safety shoes and leg protection whenever necessary as determined by the nature of work.