When used in this Rule, the following shall have their meanings except when otherwise provided:
(1) “Sheathing” shall mean the vertical member of shoring and timbering which directly resists pressure from side of an excavation.
(2) “Wale” shall mean the longitudinal member of shoring and timbering which directly resists pressure from sheating.
(3) “Strut” shall mean the transverse member of shoring and timbering which directly resists pressure from sheating or wales.
(4) “Scaffold” shall mean a temporary structure of timber or metal work with a platform used in the construction, alteration or demolition of a building, or other maintenance work used to support workers or to allow the hoisting and lowering of workers, their tools and materials.
(5) “Standard or Upright” shall mean the vertical member of scaffold transmitting the load to the ground or to a base plate.
(6) “Ledger or Stringer” shall mean a scaffold bracing, which extends horizontally from standard to standard forming right angles with the putlogs and forms a tie between the standards.
(7) “Putlogs ” or “Bearer” shall mean a scaffold member spanning between a ledger and a building wall or between two ledgers upon which the platform rests.
(8) “Brace” shall mean a scaffold member that holds standards or uprights in a fixed position to prevent any lateral movement.
(9) “Single Scaffold” shall mean a platform supported by a single row of uprights or standards tied along the wall, connected horizontally by a ledger and supporting putlogs which rests on ledger on one side and in holes left in walls on the other.
(10)”Double Scaffold” shall mean a platform supported on two rows of uprights or standards parallel to the wall of a building connected by horizontal ledgers and is independent from the building wall.
(11)”Suspended Scaffold” shall mean a scaffold suspended by means of ropes or chains capable of being lowered or raised by winch, pulley, block or such other means.
(12)”Trestle Scaffold” shall mean scaffolds in which the supports for the platform are step ladders, tripods or similar movable contrivances.
(13)”Hoist” shall mean a lifting machine with a carriage, platform or cage which moves on guides.
(14)”Lifting Appliance” shall mean a crab, winch, pulley block or gin wheel used for raising or lowering a hoist crane, sheer legs excavators, draglines, pile driver, or pile excavators.
(15)”Lifting Gear” shall mean a chain sling, rope sling, ring, link, hook, shackle, swivel or eyebolt.
(16)”Mobile Crane” shall mean a crane capable of traveling under its own power.
(17)”Plant or Equipment” shall include any plant equipment gear, machinery, apparatus or appliances, or any part thereof.
1412. General Provisions
1412.01: Health and Safety Committee:
At every construction site there shall be organized and maintained a Health and Safety Committee conforming with Rule 1040 and a medical and dental service conforming with Rule 1960.
1412.02: Alternative Methods and Materials:
In the application of this Rule, the construction, composition, size, and arrangement of materials used may vary provided that the strength of the structure is at least equal to that herein prescribed.
Before any construction is commenced, and during the construction, steps shall be taken to prevent danger to the workers or operating equipment from any live electric cable or equipment either by rendering the cable or apparatus electrically dead or by providing barriers to prevent contact.
1412.04: Machine Guarding:
All moving parts of machinery used shall be guarded in accordance with the requirements of Rule 1200.
1412.05: Fire Protection: –
(1) Fire Protection equipment shall be, provided in accordance with the requirements of Rule 1940.
(2) Permanent stand pipe installed in a construction site shall:
a. be installed progressively as the construction work proceeds.
b. be provided with a valve at every hose outlet.
c. have a hose outlet to which is connected a hose that is:
i. at least 4 cm. (1 1/2 in.) in diameter,
ii. equipped with a combination straight stream and fog nozzle, and
iii. installed in all storeys in locations where every part of the budding shall be protected by a hose having
a length of not more than 25 m. (75 ft.)
d. have a connection of the size used by the local fire department:
i. located on the street side not more than 1 m. (3 ft.) and not less than 0.33 m (1 ft.) above the ground level.
ii. to which there must be a clear access at all times, and
iii. protected from mechanical damage.
1412.06 : Lighting of Work Areas:
Every work-area and approach thereto, every place where raising or lowering operations with the use of a lifting appliance are in progress, and all openings dangerous to workers, shall be lighted with the minimum requirements provided in Rule 1210.
1412.0 7 : Lifting of Weights:
For continued lifting, a male worker shall not be made to lift, carry or move any load over fifty kilograms (50 kgs.) and female workers over twenty-five kilograms (25 kgs.). Weights over these shall either be handled by more than one worker or by mechanical means.
Repair work on any section of a pipeline under pressure shall not be undertaken until the pipeline is released of the pressure or the section under repair is blocked off the line pressure to ensure that no worker will be endangered.
1412.09: Protection of the Public:
A safe covered walkway shall be constructed over the sidewalk for use by pedestrians in a building construction work less than 2.3 m. (7 ft.) from a sidewalk or public road.
1412.10: Protection from Falling Materials:
(1) Steps shall be taken to protect workers from falling materials, such as the provision of safety helmets and safety shoes.
(2) Tools, objects and materials (including waste materials) shall not be thrown or tipped from a height, but shall be properly lowered by crane, hoist or chutes. If such is not practicable, the area where the material is thrown or lowered shall be fenced and no person allowed in the fenced area.
1412.11: Protruding Nails and Loose Materials:
(1) Material or lumber with protruding nails shall not be used in any work or be allowed to remain in any place where they are a source of danger to the workers.
(2) Loose materials shall not be placed or left on working platforms, gangways, floors or other workplaces but shall be removed, stacked or stored not to obstruct passage. Materials shall not be stacked in a manner causing danger to the workers or overload and render unsafe any platform, gangway, floor, roof or other part of a building or structure.
1412.12: Protection against Collapse of Structure:
(1) All temporary structure shall be properly supported by the use of guys, stays, and other fixings necessary for stability during construction.
(2) Where construction work will likely reduce the stability of an existing or adjacent building shoring shall be undertaken to prevent the collapse or fall of any part of the structure.
1412.13: Safe Means of Access:
Safe means of access and egress shall be provided and maintained to and from every place where work is undertaken.
1412.14: Storage of Materials:
(1) Building materials and equipment shall not be placed or stored on a permanent or temporary structure exceeding its safe load carrying capacity.
(2) Lumber structural steel and similar building materials shall be properly stored and secured against collapsing or tipping. Cross pieces shall be used in a pile of lumber more than I m. (3 ft.) high.
(3) Pipes and reinforcing steels shall be stacked in racks or frames supported to prevent movement.
(4) Gangways and platforms shall not be used as storage for materials and tools.
1412.15: Storage of Cylinders:
Compressed gas cylinders shall be stored in upright position protected against heat and overturning and when not in use, the control valves shall be covered by protective caps screwed to proper positions.
1412.16: Traffic Control..
In construction sites where a worker’s safety is likely to be endangered by a vehicular traffic, flagmen, warning signs, barriers or lane control devices shall be installed.
1412.17: Vehicular Loading:
No person shall remain on or in a vehicle during loading or unloading except those required to be there and only when all necessary protection against hazards are provided.
1412.18: Vehicle Driving:
No person shall operate any vehicle or equipment in a construction site unless he has adequate training and experience to operate such vehicle or equipment and is authorized by his immediate supervisor.
1412.19: Internal Combustion Engine:
No internal combustion engine shall be operated in an enclosed area unless:
(1) the exhaust gases or fumes are discharged directly outside to a point where the discharge gases or fumes cannot return to the enclosure.
(2 ) the place is ventilated to protect workers from exhaust gases.
1412.20: Personal Protective Equipment:
Personal Protective equipment as required in Rule 1080 shall be provided the workers.
1412.21: Other Standards:
The provisions of this Rule are minimum requirements and any other regulation of other government authority of the same nature but with higher numerical values prevail.
1413.01: Shoring and Timbering:
(1) The walls of every excavation over 1 m. (3 ft.) deep shall be supported by adequate shoring and timbering to prevent collapse, provided that this shall not apply to an excavation:
a. in which a worker is not required to enter for any purposes.
b. cut in solid rock.
c. the walls are sloped to forty-five degree (45) angle from the vertical or cut to the angle of repose.
d. in which a worker is engaged in timbering or other work for the purpose of compliance with this Rule if precautions are taken to ensure his safety.
(2) Shoring or timbering in excavation over 6.6 m. (29 ft.) deep and those installed to prevent the movement, collapse of an adjacent structure shall be designed by a structural engineer and approved by the proper authority.
(3) No excavation in an adjacent building or structure shall be undertaken unless steps are taken to prevent danger to workers.
(4) Before shoring or timbering, the walls of an excavation shall be stripped of loose rocks or other materials that might slide, roll or fall on workers.
(5) Every excavation over 1 m. (3 ft.) shall be kept free of water at all times.
1413.02: Minimum Berm:
(1) Excavated material shall be kept from the edge of the excavation to provide a clear berm of a distance not less than one third of the depth of the excavation.
(2) Where the disposal area is limited, a berm of reduced width of not less than 1 m. (3 ft.) may be allowed, provided the materials being excavated are stable, the shoring is designed to carry the additional load, and barriers are provided to prevent roll back of the excavated materials.
1413.03: Tools Materials and Machinery:
(1) Tools or materials shall be kept a minimum of I m. (3 ft.) away from the edge of the excavation to prevent their being knocked down into the excavation.
(2) No vehicle or other machinery shall be driven, operated or located near the edge of an excavation at least a distance one-third (1/3) of its depth.
1413.04: Provision for Barricades.
The top of the walls of an excavation more than 2.0 m. (6 ft.) deep shall be barricated to a height of at least I m. (3 ft.) to prevent the fall of workers.
1413.05: Means of Access and Escape:
(1) Every excavation over I m. (3 ft.) deep shall be provided with means of access and escape in case of flooding or collapse of the excavation work.
(2) Every excavation shall have at least one (1) ladder in every 16.6 m. (50 ft.) of length or fraction thereof, of a length, which shall extend at least 0.83 m. (2’6″) above the top of the excavation to provide a firm handhold when stepping on or off the ladder.
1413.06: Inspection and Examination of Excavation:
Every part of an excavation over 2 m. (6 ft.) deep where workers work shall be inspected by the person in charge at least once everyday.
1413.07: Supervision and Execution of Timbering and other Work:
(1) Timbering or support for any excavation shall be erected, added, altered or dismantled only under the direction of the project supervisor.
(2) Timbering and other support for any excavation shall be of good construction, sound materials, and of adequate strength for the purpose for which it is used and properly maintained,
(3) All struts and bracings shall be properly secured to prevent displacement.
(4) Timber giving off toxic saps or substance soluble in water shall not be used for timbering.
1413.08: Harmful Dust, Gases, Fumes:
(1) When harmful dusts, gases and fumes are present in an excavation to such a degree hazardous to the safety and health of the workers, all measures shall be taken either by exhaust ventilation or by other means to free the area of such contaminants.
(2) Internal combustion engine shall only be operated in an excavation when provision is made to ensure that the exhaust gases and fumes are rendered harmless or discharged to a point away from the excavation.
1413.09: Sizes and Spacing of Members:
Sheating shall not be less than 5 cm. x 15 cm. (2″ x 6″) in section, wales not less than 10 cm. x 15 cm. (4″ x 6″) in section and struts not less than 10 cm. x 15 cm. (4″ x 6″) in section; the length, section and spacing of timbering members shall be designed considering the nature of soil, depth and the surroundings.
(1) Every scaffold shall be of good construction of sound materials and strength for the purpose for which it is intended.
(2) Timber used for scaffolds shall be in good condition, the bark completely stripped off, and not painted or treated in any manner that defects cannot be easily seen.
(3) All materials and parts of scaffold not in use or intended for re-use shall be kept under good condition and separate from other materials unsuitable for scaffolds.
(4) Timber/bamboo scaffoldings shall be limited to a height of 20 meters from the ground or base provided that, over a height of 10 meters, the scaffolding and all other installations constructed over the scaffolding shall be designed by a structural engineer and duly approved by the appropriate authority.
(5) At heights over 20 meters, structural metals should be used designed by a structural engineer and duly approved by the appropriate authority;
(6) Structural steel when used as load bearing members of scaffolding shall be destressed at welded or bent joints and design construction approved by the proper authority.
1414.01: Maintenance of Scaffolds:
(1) All scaffolds shall be properly maintained and every part shall be kept, fixed and secured in position to prevent displacement.
(2) No partly dismantled scaffold shall be used unless it is rendered stable, strong and safe for the purpose.
(3) Scaffoldings left standing for four (4) months shall not be used until damaged members are replaced and the whole structure returned to its original strength.
1414.02: Supervision and inspection of Scaffolds:
(1) Scaffold shall be erected, added, altered or dismantled only under the supervision of the person in charge of the construction.
(2) All materials used in any scaffold shall be inspected before use.
(3) Lumber with two (2) nail holes aligned crosswise or four (4) nail holes along its length shall not be used as horizontal load bearing member of scaffolds.
1414.03: Strength and Stability of Scaffolds:
Every scaffold shall:
(a) be capable of supporting twice the maximum load to which it may be subjected without exceeding the allowable unit stresses of the materials used;
(b) have all standards diagonally and horizontally braced to prevent lateral movement; and
(c) have no splices between the points of support of horizontal members and secured to prevent lateral movement.
1414.04: Construction of Timber Scaffolds:
(a) In single scaffold, the standard shall be placed at 1.18 to 2.43 meters (4 to 8 ft.) apart at a distance of 1 m. (3 ft.) from the wall, connected horizontally by ledgers spaced vertically at 1.51 m. (5 ft.) to 1.81 m. (6 ft.) on centers. Putlogs shall be placed in the holes left in the walls.
(b) The size of the standard shall not be less than 8.9 cm. (3 in.) in diameter or its equivalent and when it is necessary to extend a standard, the overlaps shall not be less than 60 cm. (23 in.),
(c) In double scaffold, the outer row shall be at a distance of 1.22 to 1.32 m. from the wall. The putlogs shall rest entirely on the ledgers. In addition to the diagonal braces, inclined supports shall be provided to prevent the scaffold from leaning away from the wall. The supports shall be strutted at intermediate heights against the standards.
(d) The size of the standards for double scaffold shall not be less than 10 cm. in diameter or its equivalent and when it is necessary to extend a standard the overlap shall not be less than 15 cm.
(e) Ledgers, standards and putlogs shall be securely fastened by bolts, dogs, or ropes.
(f) The distance between two consecutive putlogs shall be designed with due regard to anticipated load and the nature of the platform flooring. As a minimum rule, the spacing shall be as follows:
for 3.2 cm. thick planks, spacing shall not exceed I m. for 3.8 cm. thick planks spacing shall not exceed 1.5 m.
(g) The displacement of the foot of the standard shall be prevented either by sinking it into the ground or by fixing it on a base plate.
1414.05: Types of Scaffolds:
(1) Traveling scaffold shall ;
(a) be of stable construction and weighted at the base to prevent overturning,
(b) be used only on firm and even surface,
(c) be securely braced,
(d) not be moved when any worker is on the scaffold,
(c) be moved only from or near the base,
(2) Suspended scaffold shall not be uses unless:
(a) the fixed support or outriggers to which it is attached are capable of supporting at least four (4) times the maximum load to which they may be subjected without exceeding the allowable unit stresses of the material used;
(b) the platform is at least 25 cm. wide, suspension points shall not be more than 3 m, apart, and provided with devices to keep the platform at a distance from the wall to allow working in sitting position.
(c) when suspended scaffold is raised or lowered, it shall have rope pulls equipped with pulley blocks, and mechanical hoisting equipment with a positive device to prevent the scaffold from falling freely.
(3) cantilever, jib, figure and bracket scaffolds:
(a) every cantilever or jib scaffold shall be properly supported, fixed and anchored on opposite side of the supports, have outrigger of designed strength and properly strutted or braced to ensure rigidity and stability.
(b) Figure or bracket scaffold shall not be supported or held by dogs, spikes or similar fixing devices that will pull out.
(4) Skips, brackets, boatswain chair:
(a) Skip, bracket, basket and boatswain chair shall not be used as substitute for a suspended scaffold unless the work is of such short duration and the work is under the supervision of the person responsible for the construction.
(b) No skip, bracket, or basket shall be used as a suspended scaffold unless it is:
i. at least 76 cm. deep and
ii. either constructed of metal or carried by two strong bands of metal fastened around the sides and bottom.
(5) Ladder Scaffolds or Ladder jack Scaffolds:
A ladder scaffold shall be used only when:
(a) the work is of such light nature and the material required for the work is light and can be hung on the ladder.
(b) the distance between the ladders of the scaffold is less than 3 m.
(6) Trestle Scaffolds:
(a) Trestle scaffolds shall not be used if the working platform is more than 5 m. from the ground or floor or other surface upon which the scaffold is erected.
(b) A trestle scaffold shall not be erected on a scaffold platform unless:
i. the platform is sufficiently wide for the transport of materials,
ii. the uprights are firmly attached to the platform and braced to prevent displacement, and
iii. designed by structural engineer and approved by the proper authority if erected on a scaffold 10 meters or over in height.
(c) No trestle scaffold shall be erected on suspended scaffold.
(7) Outrigger Scaffold:
An outrigger scaffold shall have:
(a) its platform within 8 cm. from the wall and
(b) shall have outrigger secured against horizontal and vertical movements.
(8) Bamboo Scaffold:
Bamboo scaffold may be used for painting or light construction work constructed and maintained.
(a) the material and construction shall be sufficient to carry at least four (4) times the imposed load,
(b) only one worker shall be allowed in any one span;
(c) the maximum span between posts shall be 266 cm. (8 ft.)
(d) when the height or fall is over 6.6 in. (20 ft.), the use of safety belt shall be required;
(e) when erected over a height of 10 meters (30 ft.), the design shall be by a structural engineer approved by the proper authority and construction shall be under expert supervision, and
(f) the maximum height allowed is 20 meters (60 ft.)
1414.06: Platform, Runways, Ramps and Stairs:
(1) All working platforms, runways and ramps from which workers are liable to fall a distance of more than
2 m. (6 ft.) shall be:
(a) for platform with minimum width of 70 cm. (28 in.) the runways and ramp shall be 45 cm. (18 in.) and if runways are used for the passage of materials, the width shall not be less than 70 cm. (28 in.).
(b) provided with strong guard rails up to a height of 91 cm. (35 in.) above the working surface and toeboards of at least 20 cm. (8 in.) in height.
(2) The following shall be the minimum width of platform for various types of scaffolds:
(a) When the platform is not more than 2 m. (6 ft.) above the ground floor:
i. for painters, decorators and similar types of workers, 30 cm. (12 in.);
ii. for all other types of workers and tools, 50 cm. (20 in.)
(b) When the platform is more than two 2 m. (6 ft.) above the ground or floor:
i. for men, tools and materials, I m. (3 ft.)
ii. for men, tools, materials and vehicles, 1.5 m. (5 ft.)
(3) Every platform, runway, ramp or stairs shall be kept free from any obstruction, materials, rubbish and projecting nails. When they become slippery due to the nature of work, steps shall be taken by way of sanding, cleaning or by any other means to roughen the surface.
(4) Supporting members used in the construction of platforms, runways, ramps and stairs shall be securely fastened and braced. The supporting members shall be placed in a firm and rigid foundation to prevent lateral displacement.
(5) The uniformly distributed minimum design load of platform, runway, ramp or stair shall be 650 kg./sq.m. (133 lbs./sq. ft.). The stress due to concentrated loads at any point in the floor shall not exceed those caused by the uniformly distributed load used in the design. Planking used shall not be less than 3 cm. (2 in.) thick.
(6) A scaffold platform shall not project beyond its end support to a distance exceeding four (4) times the thickness of the plank, unless secured to prevent tipping.
(7) All planks, platforms, runways and ramps shall be fixed and supported to prevent sagging and moving.
(8) Slope of runway or ramp shall not exceed 2 in 3.
(9) When the slope of runway or ramp requires additional foothold using stepping laths, they shall:
i. have a minimum section 5 x 8 cm. (2 in. x 3 in.) placed at maximum intervals of 46 cm. (18 in.) on centers;
ii, extend to the full width of the runway or ramp except that they may be interrupted over a width of not more than 10 cm. (4 in.) to facilitate the passage of barrows.
1415: Construction Equipment:
1415.01: Lifting Appliances:
(1) Every lifting appliance including working gear and all other plant equipment used for anchoring or fixing shall:
a. be of good mechanical construction, of sound material and adequate strength for the load it will carry;
b. be properly maintained and inspected at least once a week and the result of such inspection shall be recorded in a log book maintained by the employer or user of the equipment, open to enforcing authority.
(2) Any anchoring or fixing arrangement provided in connection with a lifting appliance shall be adequate and secure to hold the imposed load.
1415.02: Brake Controls and Safety Devices:
(1) Every crane, crab and winch shall be provided with a brake to prevent the fall of the load and to control operation when the load is lowered.
(2) Every handle or lever of a lifting appliance provided for controlling its operation shall be provided with suitable locking arrangement to prevent its accidental movement.
(3) Every lever or handle provided for controlling the operation of a lifting appliance shall have upon it clear marking to indicate purpose and mode of operation.
1415.03: Protection of Crane Driver:
(1) Platform for crane drivers and signalers shall be:
(a) of sufficient area,
(b) closely planked, plated and
(c) provided with safe means of access and egress.
(2) Every side of a platform more than 2.16 meters (6.5 ft.) high shall be provided with guard rails and toeboards.
(3) The driver of every power driven lifting appliance shall be provided with a cabin which shall:
(a) afford protection from the weather and falling objects, and
(b) be constructed to afford ready access to operating parts of the lifting appliance within the cabin and shall be periodically inspected and maintained.
1415.04: Anchorage and Load Test of Cranes:
(1) When lifting appliances are used on soft or uneven ground or on a slope, adequate measures shall be taken to ensure their stability or undue movement.
(2) No crane shall be used for raising or lowering loads unless:
(a) it is securely anchored;
(b) adequately balanced by a weight properly placed and secured ;
(3) Every crane after erection altered or any kind of change shall be tested by the contractor/supervisor with the imposition either:
(a) of a load of twenty-five per cent (25%) above the maximum load to be lifted by the crane as erected at the position when the maximum pull is applied on each anchorage, or
(b) of lesser load arranged to provide an equivalent test of the anchorages or balancing arrangements.
(4) A report of the test shall be recorded in a log book to be maintained by the employer.
(5) The maximum load allowed shall be affixed in a place where it can be readily be seen by the crane operator.
(6) No crane shall be used or erected under conditions likely to endanger stability.
1415.05: Drums and Pulleys:
Every chain or rope that terminates at the winding drum of a lifting appliance shall be properly secured thereto and at least two turns or such chain or rope shall remain on the drum in every operating maximum end position of the appliance.
1415.06: Cranes and Derricking Jibs:
(1) When the derricking jib of a crane is operated through a clutch, there shall be an effective inter-locking arrangement between the derricking drum in such a way that the clutch cannot be operated unless the pawl is ineffective engagement with the derricking jib and the pawl cannot be disengaged unless the clutch is in effective engagement with the derricking drum. This requirement shall not apply when the derricking drum is independently driven and the mechanism driving the derricking drum is self-locking.
(2) The hosting mechanism of a crane shall not be used to pull the load sideways unless it is ascertained that no undue stress is imposed on the crane structures and its stability is not endangered.
1415.07: Crane Operation and Signaling:
(1) A lifting appliance shall not be operated other than by a person trained, competent, physically fit, and authorized to operate the appliance.
(2) When the operator of a lifting appliance has no clear and unrestricted view of the load for safe working, there shall be appointed one or more signal men to give the necessary signals to the operator.
(3) Every signal given for the movement or stopping of a lifting appliance shall be distinctive in character and the person to whom it is given is able to hear or see it easily.
1415.08: Safe Working Loads:
(1) Safe working loads shall be plainly marked on every lifting appliance and in case of a crane with variable operating radius, safe load at various radii of the jib shall be marked on the jib displayed in the driver’s cabin or fitted with an automatic safe load indicator.
(2) In every derricking jib, the maximum radius at which the jib may be worked shall be plainly marked on it.
(3) No lifting appliance shall be loaded beyond its safe working load.
1415.09: Guy Derrick Cranes:
(1) The jib of guy derrick cranes shall not be erected between the back stays of the crane.
(2) Measures shall be taken to prevent the foot of the king post of any derrick crane from being lifted out of its socket.
1415.10: Testing and Examination of Lifting Appliances:
(1) No lifting appliance shall be used unless it has been tested and examined thoroughly initially and every year thereafter by a competent person by way of his training and experience in such work.
(2) No lifting appliance which has undergone substantial alteration or repair affecting its strength or stability shall be used unless it is tested and thoroughly examined by a competent person.
Every hoistway shall be efficiently protected by enclosures and when access to the hoist is necessary, it shall be fitted with gates. Such enclosures and gates shall extend to 2.16 m. (6′ 6″) except when lesser height is sufficient to prevent the fall of persons and where there is no risk of any worker coming in contact with any moving part of the hoist, but shall in no case be less than 2.16 m. (6′ 6″).
1415.12: Marking of Safe Working Loads on Hoist:
The safe working load or the number of persons that can be carried in a hoist shall be plainly marked on every platform or cage of the hoist. A notice prohibiting overloading of the hoist shall be placed on the platform or cage of the hoist.
1415.13: Operation of Hoist:
(1) Hoist for the carriage of goods and materials shall be of such construction that it is operated outside of the cage unless the doors of the cage and the enclosure are of the interlocked type.
(2) Hoist for the carriage of persons shall have the doors of the cage and enclosure of hoistway of interlocked type and the cage completely covered and fitted with overrun devices.
1415.14 : Carriage of Persons by Means of Lifting Appliances:
No person shall be raised, lowered or carried by a power driven lifting appliance except:
(1) on the driver’s platform in case of a crane or a hoist, or
(2) on an approved suspended scaffold, or
(3) when the use of hoist or suspended scaffold is not reasonable, provided that:
(a) the appliance can be operated from one position only;
(b) the winch used is so constructed that when control lever or switch is not held in operating position, brake is applied and disengages from pawl and ratchet gears; and
(c) no person is carried except in:
(i). a chair or cage, or
(ii). a safe skip or other receptacle at least 1 m. (3 ft.) deep, and
(iii) measures are taken to prevent the chair, cage, skip or receptacle from spinning or tipping in a manner dangerous to any occupant.
1415.15: Test and Examination of Hoists:
(1) After erection or alteration, every hoist shall be tested and examined every six (6) months by a competent person and the result of such tests and examination shall be recorded in a logbook maintained for the purpose.
(2) The logbook shall be made available for inspection by the enforcing authority.
1415.16: Chains, Ropes and Lifting Gears:
(1) No chain, rope or lifting gear shall be used unless:
(a) it is of good construction, sound material, of adequate strength, suitable quality and free from potent defects.
(b) it has been tested and examined by a competent person specifying the safe working load.
(2) No wire rope shall be used for lifting and lowering of any load if in any 10 meters length the total number of visible broken wires exceed five percent of the total number of wires in the rope.
(3) No chain, rope of lifting gear shall be loaded beyond its safe working load except for the purpose of testing.
(4) No chain, ring hook, link, clamp, shackle, swivel or eyebolt altered or repaired by welding shall be used unless it is tested and examined and its working load specified in the test.
(5) Hooks for missing or lowering of load shall have devices to prevent displacement of sling or load.
(6) No double or multiple sling shall be used if the upper ends are not connected by means of shackle, ring or link of adequate strength or the safe working load is exceeded.
(7) Chains with knots or chains shortened by means of bolts and knots inserted through the links or by welding shall not be used.
(8) No chain, rope or lifting gear shall be used unless it is thoroughly examined by a competent person at intervals of six (6) months and the result of examination recorded in a log book maintained for the purpose open for inspection by the enforcing authority.
(9) A chain or lifting gear shall not be used unless it is annealed or heat treated as required by the manufacturer.
1416:Plant and Equipment:
(1) When the operator of a power driven crane, shovel forklift truck, front end loader and similar machinery is exposed to overhead hazards, a cab, screen or other overhead protection shall be provided.
(2) When any equipment or part thereof is being dismantled, or repaired and a worker maybe endangered by the collapse or movement of the equipment, blocking shall be installed to prevent collapse or movement.
(3) When a worker is endangered by the rotation or uncontrolled motion of a load being hoisted by a crane or similar hoisting machine, one or more guide ropes or tag lines shall be used to prevent rotation on uncontrolled motion.
(4) A friction type clamp used in hoisting materials shall be constructed in a manner that accidental slacking of the hoisting cable will not release the clamp.
(5) When the operator of a shovel or similar machine is obstructed in the view of the path of travel of any part of the shovel or similar machine, one or more signal men shall assist the operator by:
(a) keeping that part of the shovel or similar machine under observation when it is out of view of the operator, and
(b) communicating with the operator using prearranged signals or where these signals are impracticable, by audible communication system.
(6) Every lifting jack shall:
(a) have its rated capacity legibly cast or stamped in plain view on the jack, and
(b) be equipped with a positive stop to prevent over travel or where a positive stop is impracticable, it shall be provided with a device indicating maximum allowable travel.
(7) Where a vehicle, crane, machine or other equipment is driven in reverse in a location where a worker or the operator may be endangered, operation shall be directed by another worker who shall be stationed in full view of the operator and the path of travel.
(8) An unattended vehicle parked on sloping ground or adjacent to an excavation shall have its brakes applied and the wheels blocked to prevent movement.
(9) A hose supplying steam or air to a hammer or a pole driver or to a drill carriage shall have attached thereto a wire, rope or chain to prevent the hose from whipping.
(10) Piles or sheet piling shall be adequately supported at all times during hoisting, phasing, removal or withdrawal and no worker who is not directly engaged in such operation shall be in the area where the operation are being carried out.
All demolition operations of building or other structure over six (6) meters high shall be under supervision of a competent person. No person except the workers who are directly engaged in the demolition shall enter a demolition area to within a distance equal to 1 1/2 times the height of the structure being demolished, where this distance is not possible the structure shall be fenced around and no unauthorized person shall be allowed within the fenced area.
1417.02: Demolition Work:
(1) On every demolition work, danger signs shall be posted around the structure and all doors and opening giving access to the structure shall be kept barricaded or guarded.
(2) Demolition work shall not commence until:
(a) all necessary steps have been taken to prevent injury to any person or damage to adjoining property, and
(b) all existing gas, electrical and other services likely to endanger a worker shall have been shut off or disconnected.
(3) Prior to demolition all glass shall:
(a) be removed from windows and other locations, or
(b) otherwise shall be protected so that there is no possibility of breakage at any stage of the demolition.
(4) Shoring or other necessary measures shall be taken to prevent the accidental collapse of any part of the building or structure being demolished or any adjacent building or structure endangering the workers.
(5) Demolition shall proceed systematically, storey by storey, in a descending order and the work on the upper floors shall be completely over before removing any of the supporting members of the structure on the lower floor. This shall not prohibit the demolition on section, in the same descending order if means are taken to prevent injury to workers and damage to property.
(6) All precautions shall be taken to avoid damage from collapse of a budding being demolished or any part of it when any part of the framing is removed from a framed or partly framed building.
(7) No building or any part of the structure shall be overloaded with debris or materials to render it unsafe and hazardous to persons working.
(8) Adequate precautions shall be taken to avoid danger from any sudden twisting, springing or collapse of any steel or ironwork cut or released.
(9) No workers shall stand on top of wall, pier or chimney more than six (6) meters (1 8 ft.) high unless safe flooring or adequate scaffolding or staging is provided on all sides of the wall, three (3) meters (9 ft.) away from where he is working.
(10) A truss, girder, or other structural member shall not be disconnected until it has been:
(a) relieved of all loads other than its own weight, and
(b) provided with temporary supports.
(11) Stairs and stair railings, passageways and ladders shall be demolished last.
(12)When demolition is suspended or discontinued all access to the remaining part of the building shall be fenced or barricaded.
1418.00: Mechanical Demolition:
The demolition area where work is done by mechanical devices such as weight balls or power shovels shall:
(a) be barricaded for a minimum distance of 1 1/2 times the height of the structure.
(b) not allow entrance of unauthorized persons.
(c) arranged and maintained so the mechanical devices used shall not cause any damage to adjacent structures, power lines or public road.
(1) A competent person shall be appointed in charge of and personally present at a blasting operations who shall supervise the fixing of all charges and other blasting, activities.
(2) The names of persons designated to handle, transport, prepare or use dynamite or other high explosives shall be posted in the field office and on or in the magazine.
(3) No person inexperienced in handling dynamite or other high explosives shall handle, transport, prepare or use dynamite, unless the inexperienced person work under the personal supervision of a person with experience in blasting operations.
(4) A record of explosives received and used shall be properly maintained and open for inspection by the enforcing authority.
1419.0 2: Blasting:
(1) Only the quantity of dynamite required for immediate use in blasting of a part of a building or other structure shall be removed from the magazine.
(2) No holes shall be drilled:
(a) within 3.3 m. (10 ft.) of a hole containing explosives or blasting agents;
(b) within 6.6 m. (20 ft.) of a hole being loaded with explosives or blasting agents.
(3) Every firing circuit in connection with blasting operations shall be broken in a suitable manner at a safe distance from the blasting area.
(4) When a charge is fired, steps shall be taken to see that persons employed are in a position free from the explosives or from flying objects.
(5) The applicable provisions of Rule 1140 shall also apply to the use, handling, and storage of explosives in construction industry.